Due to wealth, love is created in the hearts of people.
The poet beautifully has stated,
رأيت الناس قد مالوا ... إلى من عند فضه
ومن لا عنده فضه ... فعنه الناس منفضه
رأيت الناس قد ذهبوا ... إلى من عنده ذهب
ومن لا عنده ذهب ... فعنه الناس قد ذهبوا
I saw the people crowding the person who possessed silver.
As for the one who possessed no silver, the people absconded from him.
I saw the people going to the person who possessed gold.
As for the person who possessed no gold, people went away from him.
(Nafhatul Yemen page 217)
Allamah Buseeri Rahimahullaah states,
وَرَاوَدَتْــهُ الْجِبَالُ الشُّـمُّ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ عَنْ نَّفْسِـهِ فَـأَرَاهَا أيَّمَـــا شَمَمِ
And (very) high mountains requested him that they wanted to turn into gold (and he should accept them), and he showed these mountains his loftiness (and thus rejected the offer).
In the era of Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam, there were many conquests. Wealth fell at his feet.
In Hunain alone, there were 6000 prisoners, 24000 camels, four thousand uqyyah of silver and more than 40000 goats and sheep. (Zaadul-Ma’aad vol. 3 page 415)
The Muslims conquered Khaibar. All the lands and gardens came into the control of Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam. Despite the abundance of wealth possessed by Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam, he did not keep it for himself, but spent it all as is mentioned in the next point.
The fourth cause of love is favours. Favours are of two types:
Both these types of favours were granted by Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam.
Examples of the first type:
Abu Sa‘eed Khudri RadhiAllaahu Anhu narrates that some people from the Ansaar (Helpers) asked Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam and so he gave them.
They asked him again, and he gave them. This continued till whatever he had was finished.
After having given everything that he had by him, he said to them, “Whatever good I have with me, I will never withhold it from you. However, Allaah Jalla Jalaalahoo bestows the quality of chastity to the one who seeks it, Allaah Jalla Jalaalahoo makes independent the person who seeks independence, and Allaah Jalla Jalaalahoo bestows patience to the person who remains patient (during times of adversity and difficulty). No person has been bestowed with a gift that is better and vaster than patience.”
(Bukhaari no. 1469. Muslim no. 1053)
Jubair ibn Mut`im narrated that while he was with Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam, who was accompanied by the people on their way back from Hunain, the Bedouins started begging things of Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam so much so that they forced him to go under a Samura tree where his loose outer garment was snatched away.
On that, Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam stood up and said to them, "Return my garment to me. If I had as many camels as these trees, I would have distributed them amongst you; and you will not find me a miser or a liar or a coward."
(Bukhaari no. 3148)
Abu Hurayrah RadhiAllaahu Anhu narrates that Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam would say, “I am closer to every believer than his own soul. Whoever leaves behind wealth, it is for his family. Whoever leaves behind debts or needy children, they are to me and my responsibility.’”
(Bukhaari no. 5371, 2298, Muslim no. 1619)
Jaabir RadhiAllaahu Anhu says, “Whenever Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam was asked for anything, he never said no.”
(Bukhaari no. 6034, Muslim 2311)
Anas RadhiAllaahu Anhu says, “Whenever Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam was asked for anything in the name of Islaam, he would give it. A man came to him (and asked him)
Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam gave him all the goats between two mountains.
The man returned to his people and said, “O my people, accept Islam, because Muhammad gives in such a way that he does not fear poverty.”
Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam would give away so much that he did not even have food in his house.
He had to take a loan of 30 saa’ (a measurement) of grain from a Jew, and in this condition, he passed away.
(Bukhaari no. 2916)
There is a famous poem of Farzdaq,
ما قال لا قط الا في تشهده لولا التشهد كانت لاؤه نعم
He never said no except in tashahhud. Had it not been for tashahhud, his laa (no) would have been yes.
(Mir’aatul-Jinaan of Yaafi’i vol. 1 page 266, Diwanul-Farzdaq vol.
2 page 848)
Abdullah Hawzani says,
“I met Bilaal, the Muadhin of Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam at Aleppo, and said, “Bilaal, tell me, what was the financial position of Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam?”
He replied, “He had nothing. It was I who managed it on his behalf since the day Allaah made him His messenger until he died. When a Muslim man came to him and he found him naked, he ordered me (to clothe him). I would go, borrow (some money), and purchase a cloak for him. I would then clothe him and feed him.
A man from the polytheists met me and said, “I am well off, Bilaal. Do not borrow money from anyone except me.”
So I did accordingly. One day when I performed wudhu and stood up to give the adhaan, the same polytheist came along with a group of merchants.
When he saw me, he said, “O Abyssinian.” I said, “I am at your service.”
He met me with unpleasant looks and said harsh words to me. He asked me, “Do you know how many days remain till the completion of this month?”
I replied, “The time is near.”
He said, “Only four days remain till the completion of this month. I shall catch hold of you because of the loan which is due from you, and then shall make you tend the sheep as you did before.”
I began to think in my mind what people think in their minds (on such occasions). When I performed the Esha salaah, Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam returned to his family. I sought permission from him and he gave me permission.
I said, “O Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam, may my parents be sacrificed for you, the polytheist from whom I used to borrow money said to me such-and-such. Neither you nor I have anything to pay him for me, and he will disgrace me. So give me permission to run away to some of those tribes who have recently embraced Islam until Allaah gives His Rasul something with which he can pay (the debt) for me.”
So I came out and reached my house. I placed my sword, water skin (or sheath), shoes and shield near my head. When dawn broke, I intended to be on my way.
All of a sudden I saw a man running towards me and calling, “Bilaal, return to Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam.”
So I went till I reached him. I found four mounts kneeling on the ground with loads on them. I sought permission.
Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam said to me, “Be glad, Allaah has made arrangements for the payment (of your debt).”
He then asked, “Have you not seen the four mounts kneeling on the ground?”
When I replied in the affirmative, he said, “You may have these mounts and what they have on them. There are clothes and food on them, presented to me by the ruler of Fadak. Take them away and pay off your debt. I did so.”
(He then mentioned the rest of the narration. Thereafter, he said)
I then went to the masjid and found that Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam was sitting there. I greeted him.
He asked, “What benefit did you have from your property?”
I replied, “Allaah Jalla Jalaalahoo paid everything which was due from Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam. Nothing remains now.”
He asked, “Did anything remain (from that property)?”
I replied in the affirmative. He said, “See if you can give me some comfort from it, for I shall not visit any member of my family until you give me some comfort from it.”
When Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam performed the Esha salaah, he called me and said, “What is the position of that which you had with you (i.e. property)?”
I said, “I still have it, no one came to me.”
Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam passed the night in the masjid.
He then narrated the rest of the narration. Next day, after Esha salaah, he called me and asked, “What is the position of that which you had (i.e. the rest of the property)?”
I replied, “Allaah has given you comfort from it, Messenger of Allaah.”
He said, “Allaah is Most Great,” and he praised Allaah Jalla Jalaalahoo, fearing lest he should die while it was with him. I then followed him until he came to his wives and greeted each one of them and finally he came to his place where he had to pass the night.”
(Abu Dawood no. 3055)
Examples of the second type:
1.) Ambiyaa Alayhimus Salaam took benefit from Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam and brightened the entire world. Understand it by the following example: there is a single lamp which lights thousands of other lamps. Every lamp gains light and is able to give light to others. For this reason, Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam is referred to as a lamp in the Quraan.
2.) Together with this, a pact was taken from all the Ambiyaa Alayhimus Salaam that if Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam was commissioned in their respective eras, then they would follow him, and encourage theiXr followers to do the same. Every nabi did this in his respective era.
3.) The difficult laws which were found in the past nations were abrogated e.g. salaah had to be performed in the masjid, prohibition of utilizing booty money, prohibition of eating camel meat and animal fat, purity not attained except by cutting off the piece of clothing on which there were impurities, etc.
4.) The severe punishments placed on past nations were also lifted. For example, in some nations, repentance would only be accepted when life was taken. If a person committed a sin at night, then this sin would be written on his door the next morning. Entire nations were transfigured into swine and monkeys.
The favours of Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam were not only for the believers. Even the disbelievers benefitted in this world by his favours, and they will benefit as well in the hereafter. The great intercession for the commencement of Qiyaamah will benefit the Muslims and non-Muslims. There is lightening of punishment for Abu Taalib and Abu Lahab, as mentioned in the ahaadith.
Abbaas RadhiAllaahu Anhu narrates that he said to Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam, “You have not been of any avail to your uncle (Abu Taalib) (though) by Allaah, he used to protect you and used to become angry on your behalf."
Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam said, "He is in a shallow fire, and had it not been for me, he would have been in the bottom of the (Hell) Fire."
(Bukhaari no. 3883)
Urwah RadhiAllaahu Anhu narrates that Thuwaibah was the freed slave girl of Abu Lahab whom he had freed, and then she suckled Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam. When Abu Lahab died, one of his relatives saw him in a dream in a very bad state and asked him, “What have you encountered?”
Abu Lahab said, “I have not found any rest since I left you, except that I have been given water to drink in this (the space between his thumb and other fingers) and that is because of my freeing Thuwaiba.”
(Bukhaari no. 5101)
Abu Lahab was seen in a dream after his demise. When asked his condition, he replied, “I am in the Fire. However the punishment is lightened every Monday night, and I suck water between these two fingers of mine. (He pointed to the tips of his fingers.) This is because of my freeing Thuwaibah when she gave me glad tidings of the birth of Rasulullaah SalAllaahu Alayhi Wasallam, and because of breastfeeding him.”
(Mawaahib vol. 1 page 89, Seeratun Nabawiyyah of Ibn Katheer vol. 1 page 224, Bidaayah Wan Nihaayah vol. 3 page 407)
To Be Continued
مَوْلَاىَ صَلِّ وَ سَلِّمْ دَائِمًا أَبَداً عَلىٰ حَبِيْبِكَ خَيْرِ الْخَلْقِ كُلِّهِمِ